The historic Circuit forms the core of Ethiopian’s touristic destination. It is considered that 90% of travelers to Ethiopia base to this circuit. The route has the most interesting and reaches historical and cultural treasure than any places of the Sub-Saharan Africa. The circuit often based on four major cities of the country.
The standard first stop in the Northern Ethiopia is the growing and Modern city of Bahir Dar, located on the southern shore of Lake Tana, which is the largest body of water in Ethiopia and the beginning point of the Blue Nile. The lake is famous with its medieval Monasteries, which are home for reach churches treasures and paintings. It’s worth to have an excursion to the spectacular Blue Nile falls, which looks great during the rainy season o June, July and August.
To the north of Lake Tana, the very famous and historical city of Gander situated in the northern historic circuit. Gondar was the capital of Ethiopia for about 300 years since 1635. The city is home for the magnificent 16th c Castel and the beautifully decorated church of Debre Birhan Selassie. To north of Gondar, lies the uncommonly scenic Simien Mountain National Park, home for the endemic gelada baboon and Walia Ibex.
The next common stop is the ancient city of Aksum, which is located to the Eritrean boarder and considered as the capital of the former Aksumite Empire. The empire existed as dominant for a millennium earlier than its downfall in 700AD. Aksum is mainly known with its huge engraved Obelisks that serve as singe of greatness and burial. The town is covered with dingy catacombs, ruined palaces, rock engravings and inscribed tablets that would perhaps lead to a conclusion as the most mysterious of all the ancient civilization of the world. The mystery is greater when one visit the Temple of Yeha, which is believed to have been constructed 2,500 years ago. The churchof Tsion Maryam, home for the Ark of Covenant and the spiritual hub of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church. The rock-hewn churches of Tigray especially, near Geraltha Mountains are spectacular and gave way for the later advanced rock church architecture.
The highlight of the Northern historic circuit is the medieval capital of Lalibela, once used to be referred as Roha. The small town holds a complex of 11 rock-hewn churches which are considered as the 8th wonder of the ancient world. The churches of Lalibela are still active and inspirational to Christian civilization pre-dated its northern European equivalent by centuries. Around Lalibela, the church of Yemerehanna Kirstos, built up and Aksumite cave churches and the isolated monasteries and churches around Bilbilla are worth to see. The remote mountain retreat of Asheton Maryam provide a stunning view of the Lasta highlands and surrounding that forced you to think the reason why the priests prefers to stay on top of a mountain.